Intense Synoptic Surveys

Overview | Results

CTD on deck before deploymentSmall-scale intensive CTD/SADCP (conductivity, temperature, and depth/shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler) surveys provide case studies of cross-frontal exchange. These surveys describe small-scale features and aspects of the flow that are not laterally resolved by other measurements, for example streamers that are hypothesized to result when intermediate water is carried across the Kuroshio Extension by meander processes. Hydrographic surveys were taken on the CPIES array deployment, telemetry, and recovery cruises. Additionally, large-scale surveys were conducted by taking CTD profiles at each CPIES site, which also served as part of the instrument calibration.