CPIES - Mapping Array Highlights

Overview | Results


Two States of Variability

Satellite altimetry shows the Kuroshio Extension alternates between relatively stable and vigorous meandering intervals on decadal time scales (Qiu and Chen, 2005). The Kuroshio extension transitioned between these two states in fall 2004. SSH fields for the stable period (below left) show two nearly stationary meanders and a westward propagating warm core ring in the KESS region. During the active period (below right), a steep trough develops and a cold core ring forms.

SSH Fields in KESS


Upper (contours in cm) and Deep (color in dbar) Mean Streamfunctions

During the stable period (below left), the upper mean streamfunction shows a well-defined KE front and recirculation gyre SW of a mean weak meander trough. Anticyclonic circulation in the deep streamfunction is the deep expression of the southern recirculation gyre. There is weak cross-frontal flow under the trough. During the active period (below right), there is increased meandering which produces weaker lateral gradients across the KE mean front. Both the trough and cold core ring are evident in the mean. Deep features are intensified during the active period.

Upper and Deep Mean Streamfunctions


Mesoscale features alias satellite SSH

From May to September 2004 (below left, the green hatched area in SSH (m) time series) a series of rapid, eastward propagating (25-30 km/d) meanders were observed by the CPIES. These short wavelength (160 km) meanders were not resolved by satellite SSH (below right, SSH colors and contours in cm).

Jet interaction with deep eddies

A meander trough steepens during December 2004 and pinches off a cold core ring. A movie shows this ring formation in more detail. Deep cyclones and anticyclones move from the northeast to southwest. Upper and deep layers interact and jointly intensify. Deep eddies play an important role in the pinch-off process. Velocity is shown by arrows in cm s-1. SSH is shown by contours (in cm) and color (in dbar), red is high and blue is low. Peak values are -0.25 and 0.25 dbar.

Upper and Deep Mean Streamfunctions


Movies (avi format)

Plan-view maps in movies show several observations:

  • Deep pressure field anomaly in color
  • Upper streamfunction by the gray and black contours
  • Bottom velocities vectors: measured (black) and mapped (gray)
  • Argo float tracks with unique colors and symbols used for each float

Movie 1: Movie 2: Movie 3:
Link to two year movie Link to movie with Argo float tracks Link to ring formation movie

Daily Maps for the two-year period 1 June 2004 to 1 May 2006 (82 Mb)

Daily Maps with superimposed
Argo Float tracks for the two year period 1 June 2004 to 1 May 2006 (80 Mb)

Daily Maps for the period of Ring 04B formation, 15 November 2004 to 31 January 2005 (13 Kb)


References

Qiu, B., and S. Chen, 2005, Variability of the Kuroshio Extension jet, recirculation gyre and mesoscale eddies on decadal timescales. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 2090-2103.